Life on the HMS Endeavour with James Cook – Behind the News
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Life on the HMS Endeavour with James Cook – Behind the News

Two hundred and forty-six years ago, James
Cook landed on the east coast of Australia for the first
time. The ship that brought him here was the HMS
Endeavour, a British Royal Navy research vessel. But what was life like for the 94 people aboard
that long journey to the other side of the world?
Take a look. [# Reporter] It was the year 1768, first Lieutenant James
Cook and his men set sail aboard the HMS Endeavour. [NARRATOR] At 2 p.m. we got under sail and
put to sea, having on board 94 persons near 18 months’
provisions and stores of all kinds. Their aim was to observe a rare event when
the planet Venus moved across the sun, but they also had a secret mission to find
the rumoured Great South Land and claim it for England. It was an epic three year journey that shaped
our country’s history, but the ship that made
it possible sank years later and its full wreckage has
never been found. So in the 1980s, historians
helped build this – a replica of the Endeavour in all its 18th
century glory. [Mike] The ship itself is sailed exactly the same
way, is exactly the same.
So we still play the same game if you like as
Cook’s men did so many years ago. # Now the ship’s docked at port so kids can
hop aboard and explore what it would’ve been like
to be on Cook’s famous voyage. Above deck, the ship is just like it would’ve
been more than 200 years ago, right down to the
toilets. [Guide] This was their toilet paper!
Into the bucket of saltwater, wipe their bottoms and that was it. # Down below, the ship is also decked out like
the 1700s; from an old school oven, to canons, even the
ship’s cat! There was also another kind of cat that kept
the crew in order, the dreaded cat-o-nine-tails! [Guide] If someone was going to be punished for say,
disobeying an order that an officer gave them, they’d probably get 12 lashes with this cat
across their bareback. It’d probably be pretty annoying ‘cause
you’d have to follow everybody’s rules, like the Captain’s
rules cause you don’t want to get whipped. # Something else that would have been tough
on the crew was the food. So this is where the crew would’ve eaten all
their meals, breakfast, lunch and dinner. Things like porridge, maybe a thin boiled
soup with some meat in it and even this – a biscuit called Hard Tack. Hmm, maybe not. The kitchen area doubled as another room too. And this is where the crew would’ve slept.
Pretty comfy really, not bad. I actually can’t believe how many people
could fit on this boat. And how humid it is and really hot it would’ve
been. But for some crew members things weren’t so
bad. And this would’ve been a luxury cabin. Top
class. It’s a little small, but not bad! It’s the kind of room the gentlemen onboard
like James Cook and botanist Joseph Banks would’ve
had. And this is where Captain Cook would’ve spent
most of his time, sitting right here on the original Endeavour, most of the time charting his maps and eating
his meals. I thought everything was really cool, but
I really liked going into Captain Cook’s like cabin, I thought that was really cool. I think it was great, like how it shows, like
what it was like, how many ropes there were, how much
they had to do. # So it seems James Cook and the Endeavour have
inspired some of us to take the helm and sail the high
seas on a voyage of discovery! Well, maybe one

About Earl Carter

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17 thoughts on “Life on the HMS Endeavour with James Cook – Behind the News

  1. We used to watch behind the news at my old primary school in NSW we watched them in year 6 it's now 2018 I'm now in year 8

  2. Cook was an upstart who sailed the Pacific with the Spanish maps plundered from the archives of Manila in 1760, "discovering" islands and archipelagos already discovered by the Spaniards during the more than two hundred years that they sailed alone through that ocean, that's why The Pacific was known as the Spanish lake. The only thing Cook did was to follow those maps and change the names of the islands and archipelagos in which he recalls by other names. An example, Cook came to the "Archipelago of monks" and called it "Haway Islands". Cook did not discover anything, surprising, right?

  3. Having seen what the ocean can do in my 3.5 years at sea in a US Navy destroyer, I can't imagine crossing the Pacific in one of those things. You are at the mercy of the ocean no matter what vessel you go out there in, but if you hit an uncharted reef, you might have a slow death even if you make it to a life boat.

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